Bernese Mountain Dogs: Gentle Giants with a Heartwarming Presence


Imagine a dog with a majestic tri-colored coat, a noble bearing, and an affectionate heart—meet the Bernese Mountain Dog. Often referred to as gentle giants, these magnificent dogs possess not only physical strength but also a heartwarming presence that endears them to families around the world. Originating from the Swiss Alps, the Bernese Mountain Dog has a history deeply rooted in its roles as a versatile working companion and loyal family member. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the history, physical characteristics, temperament, care requirements, and enduring popularity of Bernese Mountain Dogs, celebrating their role as gentle giants with a heartwarming presence.

Historical Background

The Bernese Mountain Dog, or Berner Sennenhund in its native Switzerland, has a rich history dating back over two thousand years. Believed to have descended from Roman mastiffs that were brought to the Alps by invading Roman legions, the Bernese Mountain Dog developed in the Swiss mountains as a versatile working dog. Its primary roles included herding cattle, pulling carts, and serving as a loyal companion to farmers and their families.

The breed gained prominence in the region of Bern, Switzerland, which contributed to its name. Bernese Mountain Dogs became valued not only for their strength and work ethic but also for their gentle temperament and affinity for human companionship. In the late 19th century, efforts were made to preserve and promote the breed’s unique qualities, leading to the establishment of the Bernese Mountain Dog Club in Switzerland.

The first Bernese Mountain Dogs arrived in the United States in the early 20th century, and the American Kennel Club (AKC) officially recognized the breed in 1937. Since then, Bernese Mountain Dogs have steadily gained popularity worldwide, captivating hearts with their majestic appearance and gentle demeanor.

Physical Characteristics

The Bernese Mountain Dog is easily recognizable by its striking tri-colored coat and sturdy build. Here are key physical characteristics of Bernese Mountain Dogs:

Coat: One of the breed’s defining features is its thick, long, and silky coat. The coat is tricolored, with a base of jet black, rich tan markings on the legs, chest, and face, and a white blaze on the chest and a white “Swiss cross” on the forehead. Regular brushing is essential to maintain the coat’s health and prevent matting.

Size: Bernese Mountain Dogs are large and powerful dogs, with males typically standing 25 to 27.5 inches at the shoulder and females slightly smaller at 23 to 26 inches. Adult Bernese Mountain Dogs usually weigh between 80 to 115 pounds.

Build: Despite their size, Bernese Mountain Dogs are well-balanced and have a sturdy build. They have a broad chest, strong neck, and a level topline. The breed’s large, expressive eyes convey a gentle and affectionate expression.

Tail: The tail of a Bernese Mountain Dog is plumed and carried low, reaching at least to the hocks. The tail’s bushy appearance adds to the breed’s overall majestic look.

Ears: Bernese Mountain Dogs have medium-sized, triangular ears that hang close to the head. Their ears, combined with their expressive eyes, contribute to a thoughtful and gentle expression.

Dewclaws: Some Bernese Mountain Dogs have double dewclaws on their hind legs, a characteristic that harks back to their historical working roles. Not all dogs of the breed have double dewclaws, and it does not affect their function or well-being.

Temperament and Personality

Bernese Mountain Dogs are renowned for their gentle and affectionate temperament. Here are key aspects of the Bernese Mountain Dog’s personality:

Gentleness: Perhaps the most well-known trait of Bernese Mountain Dogs is their gentle nature. They are known as gentle giants, often displaying a calm and patient demeanor, especially with children.

Affectionate: Bernese Mountain Dogs form strong bonds with their families and thrive on affection. They are known to be loving and loyal companions, seeking close proximity to their human family members.

Good with Children: Bernese Mountain Dogs are typically good with children, making them excellent family pets. Their gentle and patient nature makes them suitable playmates for kids of all ages. As with any large breed, supervision is important to ensure positive interactions.

Sociable: Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally sociable with other pets and dogs. Their friendly disposition makes them well-suited for households with multiple animals.

Watchfulness: While not aggressive, Bernese Mountain Dogs are watchful and alert, making them effective watchdogs. They may bark to alert their owners of unfamiliar or suspicious activity.

Adaptability: Despite their large size, Bernese Mountain Dogs can adapt well to various living environments. They may be content in both rural settings with open spaces and urban environments with a more confined space, provided they receive adequate exercise and attention.

Intelligence: Bernese Mountain Dogs are intelligent and can learn commands and tasks with consistent training. They are eager to please, which makes training a positive and rewarding experience.

Loyal: Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their loyalty to their families. They often form deep bonds with their human companions and are devoted to their well-being.

Training and Intelligence

Bernese Mountain Dogs are intelligent and eager to please, which makes training a positive experience. Here are considerations for training Bernese Mountain Dogs:

Positive Reinforcement: Bernese Mountain Dogs respond well to positive reinforcement methods, including treats, praise, and play. Encouraging good behavior and rewarding them for learning commands contributes to successful training.

Early Socialization: Early socialization is crucial for Bernese Mountain Dogs to ensure they grow up to be well-mannered and comfortable in various situations. Exposure to different people, places, and experiences helps build their confidence.

Basic Commands: Bernese Mountain Dogs can learn basic commands such as sit, stay, and come with consistent training. Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them quick learners.

Obedience Training: Obedience training is beneficial for Bernese Mountain Dogs to ensure they respond reliably to commands. Consistency, positive reinforcement, and patience are key elements of obedience training.

Gentle Handling: Due to their large size, it’s important to use gentle and positive handling during training. Harsh methods or excessive force can be counterproductive and harm the bond between the dog and its owner.

Bernese Mountain Dogs are versatile and can excel in various canine activities, including obedience trials, agility, and even therapy work due to their gentle nature. Engaging in training activities also strengthens the bond between the dog and its owner.

Care Requirements

While Bernese Mountain Dogs have a relatively moderate care routine, their large size requires attention to certain aspects of their health and well-being. Here are key care requirements for Bernese Mountain Dogs:

Grooming: Regular grooming is essential for Bernese Mountain Dogs, particularly due to their long and thick coat. Brushing the coat a few times a week helps prevent matting and removes loose hair. During shedding seasons, more frequent brushing may be necessary.

Bathing: Occasional baths help keep the Bernese Mountain Dog’s coat clean and healthy. Bathing frequency depends on the individual dog’s activity level and environment.

Ear Cleaning: Regular ear cleaning is important to prevent ear infections, especially for dogs with drop ears. Using a veterinarian-approved ear cleaning solution helps maintain ear health.

Dental Care: Dental hygiene is crucial for Bernese Mountain Dogs. Regular tooth brushing, dental chews, and appropriate toys contribute to maintaining healthy teeth and gums.

Nail Trimming: Regular nail trims are necessary to prevent overgrowth and discomfort. If you can hear the nails clicking on the floor, it’s time for a trim.

Joint Health: Due to their large size, Bernese Mountain Dogs are prone to joint issues. Providing a balanced diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding excessive jumping on hard surfaces contribute to joint health.

Regular Veterinary Check-ups: Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for monitoring the overall health of Bernese Mountain Dogs. Vaccinations, parasite control, and preventive care contribute to a long and healthy life.

Owners should also be mindful of the breed’s susceptibility to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and certain heart conditions. Regular veterinary care and awareness of potential health concerns contribute to the well-being of Bernese Mountain Dogs.

Exercise and Activity

While Bernese Mountain Dogs are not overly energetic, they do require regular exercise to maintain their physical health and mental well-being. Here are considerations for providing exercise and activity for Bernese Mountain Dogs:

Daily Walks: Bernese Mountain Dogs benefit from daily walks to fulfill their exercise needs. A couple of 30-minute walks per day are usually sufficient, although more active individuals may enjoy longer walks or hikes.

Playtime: Bernese Mountain Dogs often enjoy interactive play with their owners. Fetch, tug-of-war, and other engaging games provide mental stimulation and physical exercise.

Off-Leash Time: Providing a safe and secure area for off-leash play is beneficial for Bernese Mountain Dogs. They may enjoy exploring, running, and playing in a controlled environment.

Canine Activities: Engaging in canine activities such as obedience training, agility, or even pulling carts (a historical role of the breed) provides mental stimulation and physical exercise.

Swimming: Many Bernese Mountain Dogs enjoy swimming, which is a low-impact exercise that is easy on their joints. Supervised swimming sessions are a great way to keep them active.

Owners should tailor the exercise routine to the individual needs and preferences of their Bernese Mountain Dog. It’s important to avoid excessive exercise, especially during the dog’s growth phase, to prevent joint issues.


In conclusion, Bernese Mountain Dogs are truly gentle giants with a heartwarming presence, captivating the hearts of dog lovers around the world. From their historical roles in the Swiss Alps to becoming cherished family pets, Bernese Mountain Dogs have a unique and endearing place in the human-canine bond.

With their majestic appearance, gentle temperament, and versatility, Bernese Mountain Dogs bring joy and companionship to households of all kinds. As stewards of this remarkable breed, responsible ownership ensures that Bernese Mountain Dogs continue to thrive as beloved companions, leaving an indelible paw print on the hearts of those fortunate enough to welcome them into their homes.