Farming is one of the most important occupations to sustain life. Farming plays a vital role in exhibiting livelihood in a nation. People have developed a deep liking for this occupation lately. If you ever have passed by a field, you would have seen people working hard on the fields no matter what the season is. For farmers, their land is their biggest treasure and they share a unique relationship with the land.
But many farmers and people who rejoice in farming don’t know how to replenish soil fertility and enhance soil growth. Are you unaware of utilizing your land to gain maximum benefit too? Not to worry, as in this blog, we will discuss what are those strategies that help in replenishing soil fertility.
It is one of the oldest methods of farming practiced for ages to protect their crops by developing microclimate. Agroforestry is a method wherein farmers plant trees around the crops to protect them and facilitate them with a suitable climatic condition. This also helps in improving the quality of the soil, reducing soil erosion, and storing the essential nutrients in the soil.
Farmers can easily generate income, as this method is useful in maintaining and growing staple food crops as well as timber and firewoods. Agroforestry not only helps in maintaining the ecosystem but also helps in growing diverse crops. So, this is what makes it the most popular farming method.
2. No-Till Farming:-
This method of farming is gaining popularity, as it helps to sustain soil fertility. We all are well aware of different farm tool names such as a rake, sickle, shovel, space, etc, which are used for tilling the land for ages. But tilling the land over time results in disturbing the soil retention capacity thereby causing soil erosion and thus leading to soil infertility.
Zero-tillage or no-till farming is a method of growing crops that enhances the variety of soil, making it more water-resilient.
3. Crop Rotation:-
It is one of the most common methods of farming, which is practiced widely across the globe. Crop rotation implies growing different crops on the same land. The season plays the most influencing factor in this method, as crops are grown according to the preferred climatic condition. So, this method helps in preserving soil productivity thereby reducing the use of chemicals, fertilizers, and pesticides on reapings.
Farmers benefit the most as this method reduces reliance on one crop, and they can grow different yields. Crop rotation impacts the environment by safeguarding the soil from erosion.
4. Hybrid seed technology:-
This farming method has gained global recognition over time. Hybrid seeds are produced by crossbreeding two dissimilar varieties of plants, which result in inhabiting one or more favorable traits from both plants. So, it helps in increasing crop yield and providing maximum benefit to farmers. This method is slowly capturing modern home gardening.
People tend to find this technique more exciting and adventurous. It also helps in providing greater uniformity, improved color, and disease resistance. Hybrid seed technology comes under mystical agriculture.
5. Urban Farming Practises:-
With the increasing urbanization of human colonies, people are finding new ways to maintain the ecosystem. The need to localize our food means that we grow is pleasing. Many innovative techniques are used in cities such as backyards, rooftop plantations, and even indoor hydroponic farms to balance the food system. Urban farming methods have successfully made their place in the modern method of farming. This farming practice has tremendous potential to make a positive contribution to the environment.
These are our top five different methods of farming that are used widely to enhance their production. So, hope you find this blog enlightening.