Measles is a concern because of an increase in cases in several regions in World. The increase in measles cases has caused concern because measles is a highly contagious disease .

Apart from being easily transmitted, measles can also cause other health problems, especially in vulnerable groups. So, how to prevent measles?

1. Causes of measles
Healthline explained that measles is caused by a viral infection that belongs to the paramyxovirus family . When a person is infected, the virus will attack the host cell and use the components in it to multiply.

At first, the virus that causes measles infects the respiratory tract. The virus can also spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream.

2. Measles is highly contagious
The American Academy of Pediatrics explains that measles is one of the most easily transmitted diseases. The virus that causes measles easily spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes, and people nearby inhale these infectious droplets .

The virus can also be transmitted through direct contact with fluids from the nose or mouth of a person who has measles.

The virus can survive for up to two hours on surfaces that are touched or in the air when the sufferer coughs or sneezes. As a result, anyone who is in a crowded place is likely to be infected.

3. Complications due to measles
measles can cause more serious problems if the virus spreads to several parts of the body, such as the lungs or brain. Some of the problems that can arise due to measles, namely:

Daily News World Entertainment

Daily News World Entertainment

Daily News World Entertainment

Daily News World Entertainment

Daily News World Entertainment

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blindness .

These problems are rare, but some people have a higher risk of developing them. Some groups are more at risk, including infants and people with weakened immune systems.

In addition, measles experienced by pregnant women can also endanger their babies because it can cause miscarriages , premature births , and low birth weight babies . Therefore, it is very important for pregnant women to consult a doctor if they have had close contact with someone who has measles.

4. How to prevent measles?
Vaccination is the best way to prevent measles. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), measles vaccination prevented around 23.2 million deaths between 2000 and 2018.

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) explains that measles can be prevented with the MMR vaccine which can provide protection from measles, mumps, and rubella. Apart from the MMR vaccine, there is also the MMRV vaccine which can provide protection against measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella.

Quoting Healthline ‘s explanation , there are several groups that may not receive measles vaccination, namely:

Have had a life-threatening reaction to the measles vaccine or any of its components.
Pregnant women.
Have immune disorders, such as HIV/AIDS.

5. The importance of measles vaccination
Getting vaccinated is the best way to prevent measles. By getting vaccinated, you can not only protect yourself and your family, but also protect other people who cannot be vaccinated.

The more people who have been vaccinated, the less the disease circulates or spreads in society. This is known as group immunity or herd immunity . To achieve herd immunity against measles, at least 96 percent of the population must have been vaccinated.

Measles is a disease that is easily transmitted so that many people have the potential to be infected. The best way to be protected against measles is by getting a measles vaccination. In addition to protecting yourself, getting vaccinated against measles can also protect other people who can’t be vaccinated.