Always prioritize the health and safety of your little one during labor, Ma

During childbirth, one of the problems that are often feared by pregnant women is tearing of the vagina, especially in the perineal area. The perineum is the muscle between the vagina and the anus that is actually quite elastic.

However, almost 95 percent of women giving birth will experience a tear in their vagina.

There are several causes that can lead to this condition, one of which is the condition of the mother own perineal muscles and the size of the baby.

How to treat a torn vagina during childbirth also needs to be adjusted to the condition of the wound and stitches.

1. What is a vaginal tear?

Vaginal tear aka vaginal tear is a spontaneous tear that occurs during normal delivery of the perineum, especially when pushing and when the baby is about to come out.

Spontaneous tear means the doctor did not take any action for it. For example, not performing an episiotomy.

According to obstetrics and gynecology experts from Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California, Sherry Ross, MD, during labor the vagina should basically be able to stretch quite a lot. Especially until it can be passed by the baby’s head.

Although it is possible for the vagina to stretch without tearing, but in most cases of vaginal delivery, it is normal for the vagina to then tear.

2. Factors that cause vaginal tear

Quoted from Parents , there are several factors that can be the cause of a torn vagina. One of the risk factors is the first time delivery.

Mothers who are giving birth vaginally for the first time have a 95 percent chance of experiencing a vaginal tear. This is strongly suspected because the perineal tissue and muscles are not flexible enough.

However, other factors can also contribute to the risk of vaginal tearing. This includes being overweight or having a fast delivery.

In this condition, the tissues have less time to adapt and stretch as the baby begins to descend.

The position of the baby facing up can also put extra pressure on the lower part of the vagina, thus contributing to a vaginal tear.

So if you have to give birth with the help of a vacuum or forceps, the swelling often causes the vagina to tear, Mom.

According to Ross, usually after the first vaginal delivery, the perineal tissue and muscles will become more flexible so that the risk of tearing in the next delivery is reduced.

3. Treatment of vaginal tear after childbirth

Reported by What to Expect, a torn vaginal stitch can actually heal by itself with the process and the passage of time. However, you still need to pay special attention to speed up recovery.

Especially on the factors of cleanliness of the perineum and vaginal area. This action is important to reduce pain, prevent infection and speed healing. Here are some tips for treating a torn vagina:

Clean the vaginal area by spraying warm water while bathing or after urinating
Always dry the vaginal area by patting or pressing with a clean towel, before using pads
Regularly change pads at least every 4-6 hours, or when you feel uncomfortable. Avoid being lazy to change pads because there is a risk of infection
Make sure your hands are clean if you want to touch the vaginal area
Eat lots of fresh fruit and drink water, this is so that the texture of the stool does not become hard and makes it difficult for Mama to defecate.

4. Complications and problems with a torn vagina

Although it is said that a torn vaginal stitch can heal on its own, there are some problems that can be experienced and even must be treated immediately medically.

So that healing is faster, don’t be late for a doctor’s check if symptoms appear such as looking red, painful, swollen or there is an unpleasant odor in the vaginal area, Ma.

This condition can be a sign that the stitches are infected. Don’t delay to see a doctor immediately.

The doctor will usually do an examination and give antibiotics as needed. Take medicine as recommended by the doctor and don’t forget to keep drinking lots of water, get enough rest and keep the vaginal area clean.

5. Prevent vaginal tearing during childbirth

Vaginal tear does occur in almost all women who give birth vaginally. However, there are several measures that are believed to help prevent vaginal tearing during childbirth. Reported by Healthline , some of them:

Regular Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor and perineal muscles
Take prenatal vitamins, eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and maintain overall health
Keep the vaginal and perineal areas warm, for example with warm compresses. This is to increase blood flow and stretch the perineal muscles
In addition, paying attention to the position during childbirth also plays a role, Ma. Quoted from Belly Belly , the position when pushing has a big influence on the risk of vaginal tearing.

Performing a lithotomy position (lying with your feet up) or a semi-recumbent position, for example, can put pressure on the tailbone and perineum and increase your chances of experiencing a vaginal tear.

However, you can still choose any position that feels most comfortable. The right position not only prevents the vagina from tearing, but also makes you more relaxed in dealing with contractions at each stage.

Don’t hesitate to discuss with your doctor so that your risk of experiencing a torn vagina can really be reduced, yes.