Advances in science and technology also support the medical field to become more sophisticated. Treatment, medication, and surgery are all far more advanced than in the past. However, it does not rule out the risk of errors during the procedure.
The presence of errors that can worsen the condition is called iatrogenic . The potential side effects of this can lead to new health problems unrelated to the original disease. Is it dangerous?
What is iatrogenic?
The word iatrogenic comes from the Greek word iatros which means ‘healer’, or now better known as ‘doctor’, while gennan means ‘effect’. Literally, iatrogenic is a condition that arises as a result of the actions of doctors, launches Very Well Health .
The iatrogenic form can be in the form of misdiagnosis, complications, omissions, or personal errors of doctors. In addition, this condition can occur when a person receives treatment in health services or outpatient services.
The consequences of being iatrogenic are varied. This includes physical, mental and emotional problems. In some cases, the most fatal cause death.
Iatrogenic forms and causes
Iatrogenic has several different forms which are also influenced by the cause. Iatrogenic factors include:
Iatrogenic infection. This occurs when a patient becomes infected due to a health care provider (doctor, nurse, or other medical officer), such as not washing hands before touching a new patient.
Iatrogenic injury . This is a condition when the patient experiences an error due to the health procedure being undertaken. For example, wrong kidney removal or wrong right leg surgery even though the left is sick
Iatrogenic effect. This designation is given when the patient gets two different prescriptions that interact without clear notification. As a result, patients get adverse side effects
Iatrogenic disease. For example, when a person gets psychological therapy, but his mental condition gets worse due to one thing or another.
Iatrogenic can greatly affect the patient’s condition. For example, using unhygienic gloves or medical staff not washing their hands . This seemingly simple action can cause transmission through unconscious body fluids.
How often does iatrogenic occur?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated that there are times when about 1 in 25 hospital patients experience an infection or special condition, related to their treatment. However, the exact number of these conditions cannot be traced with certainty.
The reason is that not many forms of iatrogenic side effects have been reported. The majority of reported data are limited to fatal consequences, namely death, because they are easier to identify. Most are also not reported due to fear, lack of recognition, or an unclear reporting system. In addition, there are not many specific studies that discuss various iatrogenics, one of which is in the spleen.
Although it is quite difficult to conclude the number of these events, the research is very helpful in prevention. Furthermore, the ambiguous symptoms of side effects also make the diagnosis vague. For example, when a person experiences vomiting and dehydration due to antibiotic treatment. The appearance of these indicators may not be considered iatrogenic.
Although the sophistication of science makes technology and skills develop, iatrogenic can still occur. As a patient or family, there are several steps that can be taken to prevent the occurrence of dangerous side effects. Here’s the description:
Know the procedure in detail
Before getting treatment or medication, make sure you are clear about the benefits and possible risks. Ask doctors and medical staff for details. In addition to knowledge, this action can also calm the minds of patients and families.
Monitor conditions carefully
Even if the patient is receiving treatment or outpatient treatment, knowing the progress of health is mandatory. Avoid missing an appointment with a doctor. Use this time to consult regarding symptoms that may appear as a result of the treatment that has been done.
Invite the closest people for medical consultation
Although the individual can remember the details of the treatment, anticipating the ‘ear’ back up is the best way. Bring your family or closest relatives when visiting the doctor. That way, someone else remembers the treatment for the patient and knows the right steps when experiencing side effects.
In addition, try to maintain maximum communication with the doctor. Even if there are mistakes, still express your opinion properly. That way, patients and families can receive as much information as possible and better treatment possibilities.
The best way to deal with iatrogenics is to take precautions. Being collaborative and productive with health services will go a long way in preventing medical errors from happening. That way, patients can get the best treatment.