Maybe you have experienced pain during menstruation. The pain that appears does not feel comfortable, especially if you are working on many tasks that must be completed immediately.

Menstrual pain, also known as dysmenorrhea, causes pain in the lower abdomen. Not infrequently the pain that is felt also radiates to the back of the back to the thigh.

Actually, why did this happen? Is menstrual pain normal? Come on, keep reading this explanation to understand better!

1. Menstrual pain

Menstruation is a monthly cycle when the uterine lining is shed. Some women experience pain during menstruation. Things that are felt like cramps in the lower abdomen, lower back pain, and others.

The intensity of pain and the duration of pain experienced can vary from person to person. The pain that is felt in some women can sometimes be tolerated so that they can still carry out their usual activities. However, there is also menstrual pain that feels so heavy that it is unable to carry out daily activities.

Medline Plus explained that pain during menstruation is different from premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Usually, PMS occurs 1 to 2 weeks before your period.

2. Why can menstrual pain occur?

Some women do not feel pain during menstruation. However, there are also those who feel pain so that the menstruation they experience feels uncomfortable.

Healthline reports that the menstrual pain felt by some women is generally due to the influence of the hormone prostaglandin. This prostaglandin hormone triggers the uterus to contract to shed the uterine wall. Well, this contraction is what causes a person to experience pain during menstruation. There is also menstrual pain caused by certain medical conditions related to the reproductive organs, as explained by Medline Plus .

3. The role of the hormone prostaglandin

the hormone prostaglandin plays a role in causing cramps in the stomach during menstruation. This prostaglandin hormone is produced by the tissue that lines the uterus.

The higher the hormone prostaglandin released, the more intense the pain. It was also explained that this hormone also plays a role in causing nausea, headaches, or diarrhea which is sometimes also felt during menstrual pain.

Usually, the pain occurs on the first day of menstruation and will get better a few days later. This is because the levels of prostaglandins also decrease along with the shedding of the uterine wall, quoted from the Healthline page .

4. How to deal with menstrual pain

Pain during menstruation is certainly uncomfortable and can interfere with activities. Reported by Medline Plus , this pain can be reduced with a warm therapy pad or a bottle filled with warm water that is placed on the abdomen or back. In addition, doing light exercise and bathing in warm water can also help reduce pain.

If you want to stay active, you can also take pain relievers such as paracetamol.

5. When should you go to the doctor?

Cramps that occur during menstruation are normal. Usually, menstrual pain that occurs will improve a few days later, even if you don’t use medication.

If the menstrual pain experienced is very heavy and even more painful even though you are already using painkillers, it is advisable to consult a doctor. You also need to see a doctor if the pain is outside your menstrual schedule.

Pain during menstruation is a normal condition. In general, menstrual pain is caused by the presence of the hormone prostaglandin which triggers the uterus to contract. Usually, pain occurs at the beginning of menstruation and subsides a few days later. If menstrual pain is getting heavier even though you are already using pain relievers, it is advisable to consult a doctor.